How to visit Lublin and Majdanek Nazi Camp from Warsaw
Lublin is called by tourists the «little Krakow» and it's the 9th biggest city in Poland. Majdanek is the German concentration camp in Lublin, operated until 22 July 1944. Soon, Soviet NKWD camp was organized on the grounds of Majdanek.
With 365,000 inhabitants, Lublin is the biggest town in Eastern Poland.
Lublin was destroyed by the German Army in 1939 and it was rebuilt after the war.
The German concentration camp in Lublin, called Majdanek, was initiated by Heinrich Himmler’s decision.
Visiting Lublin in July 1941, Himmler entrusted Lublin district SS and police commander, Odilo Globocnik, with building a camp for 25-50,000 inmates who would be used to work in SS and police workshops and at construction sites.
The camp was going to be the source of a free workforce for the realization of the plans to build a German empire.
General Information - Lublin & Majdanek
Lublin City in Poland
Lublin is the ninth-largest city in Poland and the biggest town in Eastern Poland. It is the capital and the center of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 365,000 people.
Internationally, Lublin is the winner of the Golden Star of Partnership, the European Diploma, the Flag of Honour, and the Plaque of Honour of the European Council for international cooperation.
The city is a hub of an amazing cultural life and different events held annually, attracting a wide audience. A few of them are:
- The Night of Culture
- «Codes» Festival of Traditional and Avantgarde Music
- The International Dance Theatre Festival
- Different Sounds Art'n'Music Festival
Also, Lublin is a recognized academic center in Poland and abroad, with a rich educational offer. Five universities are the main assets of the academic life of Lublin:
- Maria Curie-Sklodowska-University
- The Catholic University of Lublin
- The Lublin University of Technology
- Medical University
- University of Life Sciences
Picturesque and charming Old Town placed on the hill, with narrow streets and buildings from different epochs will impress you for a long time.
Lublin was competing for the title of the European Capital of Culture 2016 because it presents an idea of integration, tolerance, and dialogue between cultures of the West and East.
The amount of cultural festivals, galleries, theatres, places for artists is very impressive. You’ll never feel bored in this city.
Lublin's Historical Center
The Lublin Tourist and Cultural Information Center offers free maps, leaflets, tourist brochures, and above all you can also buy the Tourist Card.
Similar to the Krakow Card for Krakow, suing the tourist card you can visit all Lublin's museums and most of the tourist attractions of the city free of charge.
The Card cost 58 PLN and is valid for 24 Hours.
You will also get discounts at some restaurants, hotels or souvenir shops, and you can use public transport for free when choosing the right package.
Worth to See in Lublin
- Lublin Old Town and the Old Market
- The Lublin Archcathedral with the Acoustic sacristy, treasury, and crypts.
- Lublin Museum (Castle) and the Chapel of the Holy Trinity. One of the most valuable monuments of medieval art in Poland and Europe. The perfect combination of Gothic architecture with the Byzantine-Russian polychrome interior.
- Castle Tower (Donjon): The oldest building on the castle hill
- WSI Museum in Lublin. A very interesting and traditional place with very interesting activities.
- Old Parish Square: Refers to the first parish church of St Michael the Archangel erected within the city walls, known as «Fara».
- The impressive Trinitarian Tower used to be an inconspicuous wicket in the buildings of the Jesuit College adjacent to the city walls.
- Grodzka Gate: Guarded a passage in the city’s curtain walls in the past.
- Krakow's Gate - Museum of History of the city of Lublin
- Old University of Wise Men of Lublin
- Trinitarian Tower - The 60-meter tower, proudly overlooking the city
- Old Vicarage - It was the vicarage of the Parish Church of St. Michael.
Discover the Lublin Underground which is a tourist route of 300 meters running under the Market Square and the tenement houses of the Old City.
Connecting a number of the many Old City cellars of the Town, which built in the 16th century, the city’s golden age.
Partly connected through a series of passageways, the city underground has become home to an enormous labyrinth.
Source: Monuments & Worth to See in Lublin.
Find Out: How to Plan a DIY Trip tp Poland
Devils Trial Legend - Lublin
The Devil’s Trial legend is one of the best-known episodes of Lublin’s Crown Tribunal. In 1637, a poor widow had a dispute with a wealthy nobleman.
Judge examining the case passed a sentence to the advantage of the nobleman, unjustly harming the widow.
After this, the woman exclaimed in great despair that even if devils had sentenced her, they would have given a fairer judgment.
That night, the court writer heard carriages arriving in front of the building, and in a while strange judges came in, wearing red dresses.
They ordered the courtroom to be opened and then sat at the presiding table and called the widow’s case. One of them acted as an attorney of the widow.
Frightened, the writer noticed that the judges pointed features and evil eyes had something devilish. Indeed, they were devils sent by God to evaluate the case.
The case was heard and the prosecutor was favorably describing the false nobleman’s claims. After, the jury left to consider the verdict.
Finally, they came back with a sentence to the widow’s advantage. Jesus Christ of the Tribunal shed tears of blood over the human evil being worse than Satan’s and turned his head away.
As proof of his presence, the presiding devil judge laid his hand on the table and scorched its trace on the surface. Having approved the judgment, the devils swiftly left the Tribunal.
The next day, the news of the night visit to the Tribunal spread quickly, and frightened crowds gathered in the Market Square.
While the unfair judges were rushing for their next trial, they fell and broke their legs on the court stairs in front of the crowd. This was considered a sign of divine retribution.
The historic table with a scorched trace of the devil’s hand has been preserved and can be sometimes seen by visitors to the Lublin Castle Museum.
Source: Lublin Legends.
READ: Famous Polish People
Majdanek Nazi Camp in Lublin
On the outskirts of Lublin, there is a historical place of nazi concentration and extermination camp – Majdanek.
Majdanek concentration camp was established by Germans in occupied Poland on the outskirts of Lublin city in 1941.
Its initial purpose was to keep Russian Soviet war prisoners but later it was transformed into a death camp.
It is estimated that near 360 000 people were murdered here between 1941 – 1944.
It was the first major German concentration camp liberated by Allied forces in July 1944. Thanks to the rapid evacuation of Germans right before the liberation, Majdanek became the best-preserved camp of the Holocaust.
It was a unique sample of a camp located near the population center. The camp was going to be the source of a free workforce for the realization of the plans to build a German empire in the east.
Prisoners came from nearly 30 countries, mainly Poles and Jews, also Russians, Belorussians, Ukrainians, and others.
The tragic history of the Lublin concentration camp came to an end on 23rd July 1944 after the Red Army entered the city.
Now you can visit Majdanek National Museum, Monument of Struggle and Martyrdom at Majdanek, Mausoleum containing ashes from the victims of Nazi hate and some remains of the camp.
In case you are looking for a more convenient way to visit Lublin and Majdanek from Warsaw in one day, then you can book an all-inclusive tour.
An English speaking driver will pick you from your hotel in Warsaw. You are going to visit Lublin & Majdanek, have lunch and return back to Warsaw.
The prices start at €65 per person when there are 8 people.
Includes Transportation and Group Tours in Lublin and Majdanek together with the entrance fees and Traditional Lunch.
General Info about Majdanek Museum Visit
When planning a visit to Majdanek Museum it is recommended to check the weather forecast for Lublin (Lublin Weather).
The museum is open usually from 09:00 to 18:00 except Mondays that is partly close.
It is recommended to check the date in the State Museum Website in advance.
Choosing Majdanek over Treblinka might be a better option. Majdanek Nazi Camp is located within the beautiful city of Lublin.
The museum is easily accessible by public transport, by car and with a trolleybus which stops next to the camp gate.
Majdanek is an extremely moving experience. It's very well narrated by regular sign-age in both Polish and English.
It is very easy to spend four hours to see the whole place.
The campsite is very big and there is a vast amount of information to discover.
At the top of the site is a giant urn at the top of the site containing the recovered ashes and bones of the people murdered.
The camp shows how venal, cruel, thieving, mass-murdering monsters the Nazi's were.
Find Out: More Nazi Camps from Warsaw
Getting from Warsaw to Lublin
First, you need to get to the city of Lublin and from there you can easily visit the Majdanek Nazi Camp.
An inexpensive option for traveling from Warsaw to Lublin is FlixBus. If you want to book the tickets in advance, you can buy them online.
You can book a ticket with a return from 12-20 euros. The trip is around 3 hours.
Cathedral Church in Lublin
You can also get from Warsaw to Lublin with PKP Intercity trains.
The price for one way ticket is around 8 euro and the time is more or less the same with the bus.
Another train option to check is www.rozklad-pkp.pl.
Book the Cheapest Intercity Transfers - FlixBus
Using FlixBus: Lublin - Warsaw Transport is from 27 PLN (6,50 euro)
Check: How is the Weather in Poland
Stay in Lublin for a night - Lublin Tours
If you have time and in order to see the beautiful city of Lublin, you can stay for one night.
The best way to see the city of Lublin is by taking a FREE walking tour.
There are two Free walking tours in Lublin but they are only for Saturday and Sunday (July - August).
OLD TOWN LUBLIN Free Tour
Market Square, Crown Tribunal, Grodzka Street, Lublin Castle, Archcathedral, Dominican Abbey, Litewski Square
Lublin Old Town
July-August: Every Saturday at 11 am - The duration of the tour is around 2,5 hours
Meeting point: Kraków Gate (Brama Krakowska)
JEWISH LUBLIN Free Tour
Castle Square, the Lamp of Memory, 100-meter-long mural picturing pre-war Jewish streets, Ghetto Borders, Fish Square
July-August: Sundays 3 pm - Also the duration of this tour is around 2,5 hours
Meeting point: Castle Square, at the bottom of the stairs leading to the Castle (Plac Zamkowy)
Consider tipping the guide after the tour. Around 20 PLN per person (5 euro) might be good.
If you can give more then it's better but if you give less it is also ok.
How to Get to Majdanek Nazi Camp
The State Museum at Majdanek is situated in the south-eastern suburbs of Lublin, along the road leading to Zamość and Chełm (DK 12/17).
The way to the museum is clearly signposted. There are three designated car parks on the grounds of the museum.
Parking fees are charged as follows: coaches – PLN 30, Vans – PLN 15, Cars – PLN 5, Motorcycles – PLN 2
Państwowe Muzeum na Majdanku -- Droga Męczenników Majdanka 67, 20-325 Lublin -- GPS Coordinates: 51.22529°N, 22.60620°E
Bus / Public Transport / Bicycle
The Museum has direct connections with every part of the city by means of public transport.
If you are in the city center you can take 23 bus or 156 trolleybuses at the Krakowska Gate bus stop (Królewska Street) and 158 trolleybuses next to the Saski Garden (a bus stop in Lipowa Street).
From the railway station, you can reach the museum by 161 trolleybuses, and from the bus station by 156 trolleybuses (a bus stop in Lubartowska street).
All the buses stop in front of the entrance to the museum.
The detailed timetable is available on the website of the Urban Transport Board in Lublin: «https://ztm.lublin.eu/»
Finally, you can check Flixbus as an option for cheap transportations around Poland.
Get to the Museum by bicycle. There are safe bike stands.
Four of them are in front of the entrance to the Visitor Service Centre, the other two in front of the Museum office, where the Museum collections of the Archive or the Library are available to visitors.
The Museum is located nearby the docking station of Lubelski Rower Miejski.
Find Out: All You Need About Warsaw
Lublin City in Poland
GUIDED TOURS in MAJDANEK NAZI CAMP
The Museum offers guided tours in Polish, English, German, Spanish, Ukrainian, and Russian.
The tours are approximately 2 - 2.5 h.
Note: The reservations should be made at least a week before the planned visit to the Museum.
Otherwise, we cannot guarantee the guiding service.
Guided Tour Prices
- PLN 100 - a group up to 10 people
- PLN 150 - a group up to 30 people
English, German, Ukrainian, Russian, Spanish
- PLN 200 - a group up to 10 people
- PLN 300 - a group up to 30 people
Thanks For Reading!
I hope you found Useful Information
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